الجمعة، 4 نوفمبر، 2016

ما هي حقوق الإنسان؟

Human rights are a set of rights possessed by every individual, regardless of their nationality, religion, skin color, etc. The definition of these rights as a universal and inalienable, and is guaranteed for all they are human beings.

Human widely rights, and covers a large number of rights; for example: the right to liberty and the right to equality before the law, the right to freedom of movement, the right to acquire a nationality, the right to freedom of association, the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to work , etc ...

You can find a list of topics covered by the Human Rights w on the website of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Human rights at the international level

The concept of human rights evolves at the international level since 1948, when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was drafted by the former Commission on Human Rights, through the United Nations General Assembly adopted.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights and is the first text that Oalnaalmih these rights. It enshrines the 30 fundamental rights that signatory states committed themselves to respect and implement within its territory. Today, many countries, some of these rights in their constitutions included.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights is considered as ideals trying to reach them, and not legally binding. However, it has been accepted by everyone, and is considered the rights enshrined in the Declaration of customary international law.

In order to create a minimum level of protection, the promotion of this announcement quickly by a group of international treaties, in particular the Special Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant International Covenant, and finally adopted in 1966. The ratification of this treaty, obliges states to respect and ensure the rights set forth by enacting necessary laws, which are assessed periodically by a group of experts.

Together, the Declaration and Covenants are informally as the "International Bill of Human Rights", which are the cornerstone of the international system of human rights.

Today there are multiple categories of human rights, and to shed light on the development of this system, there are three generations of rights. Each of these generations covers a different area of ​​protection.

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حب الوطن

الوطن، ملجأ القلب والروح، والملاذ الآمن الذي يضمّ أبناءه ويصون كرامتهم وعزتهم، ويمنعهم من ذل التشرّد والحاجة؛ فالوطن أكبر من مجرد المساكن ...